Candlelites

Everything from Everywhere

the secret of angela merkels longevity strategic flip flops - Search

the secret of angela merkels longevity strategic flip flops Searched between all the resources and sites across the web. To view the full text news click on the links searched. All links are displayed with the source site.



the secret of angela merkel’s longevity: strategic flip-flops


berlin—martin schulz, who is running to unseat german chancellor angela merkel, drew loud applause at his party’s convention in june when he unveiled a core campaign promise: “we will achieve marriage equality in the next government!”one day later, ms. merkel dropped her yearslong opposition to a parliamentary vote on same-sex marriage, stripping her opponent of campaign ammunition.it was just the kind of calculated...






need flip flops? get some for $1 at old navy june 24


stock up on cheap flip flops during old navy's one-day flip flop sale june 24        






these flip flops are 'smart' for the dumbest possible reason


image: hari marishoe brand hari mari has a new line of flip flops done in partnership with baseball glove maker nokona. these aren’t just any flip flops, though. they have a special chip inside of them that makes them smart. allegedly.advertisementwe say “allegedly” because, sadly, “smart” really just seems to mean “adds buyers to hari mari’s email list.” as reported by fast company, the new hari mari x nokona have a sensor inside that connect to an app the buyer downloads:the embedded chip uses near-field communication technology, meaning it can’t track you over long distances. rather, you can pair it with your mobile app to get hari mari’s special offers.basically, there’s a tag inside the flip flops—which retail for $110—that talks to an app that users are encouraged to download. when p






lawmakers send rauner controversial bill to expand abortion coverage


political flip-flops are actually quite rare. sure, opportunistic, craven or newly enlightened pols frequently change their views. but, to be persnickety about it, that’s just a flip — think of a light switch, a pancake on the griddle or a card on the blackjack table. common usage notwithstanding,... political flip-flops are actually quite rare. sure, opportunistic, craven or newly enlightened pols frequently change their views. but, to be persnickety about it, that’s just a flip — think of a light switch, a pancake on the griddle or a card on the blackjack table. common usage notwithstanding,... (eric zorn)






rauner to decide on abortion bill 'in the near future'


political flip-flops are actually quite rare. sure, opportunistic, craven or newly enlightened pols frequently change their views. but, to be persnickety about it, that’s just a flip — think of a light switch, a pancake on the griddle or a card on the blackjack table. common usage notwithstanding,... political flip-flops are actually quite rare. sure, opportunistic, craven or newly enlightened pols frequently change their views. but, to be persnickety about it, that’s just a flip — think of a light switch, a pancake on the griddle or a card on the blackjack table. common usage notwithstanding,... (eric zorn)






merkel reaffirms cross-atlantic ties after seeming to question them


berlin—a day after she referred to the u.s. as a not-always-reliable ally, german chancellor angela merkel on monday offered an addendum, saying the trans-atlantic alliance is “of paramount importance.”in doing so, ms. merkel modulated her earlier comments, which had sparked talk in the u.s. of a strategic realignment by germany but which a person close to her said had been largely targeted at a domestic audience.ms. merkel,...






100-year-old woman's secret to longevity? wine


centenarian from maine also says not to "take any baloney."        






uc berkeley flip-flops on canceling ann coulter speech


university of california, berkeley officials said they have a "grave concern" of violence on campus if ann coulter follows through on her vow to speak.        






disillusioned trump voter tears apart fans who still excuse his egregious flip-f


a panel of trump voters on cnn went completely off the rails on tuesday morning after one regretful trump voter lashed out at the others for making outlandish excuses for trump’s flip-flops on key issues.while discussing trump’s newfound support for nato — despite the fact that he had called it an “irrelevant” institution as a presidential candidate — several trump supporters made excuses for the president and said that he simply didn’t have access to the same information as a candidate that he does now as the president.“i think he was as informed as they could make him,” one voter told cnn.“he wasn’t the president [at the time],” said another of trump’s changing positions.however, disillusioned trump voter scott mccommons chimed in and said that these kinds of excuses were not convincing.






migrant family in germany names daughter after angela merkel


berlin — meet one of germany's newest residents: angela merkel muhammed.the little girl was born last week to a migrant couple who fled syria's bloody war and decided to name her in honor of the 63-year-old german chancellor whose policies allowed them to start a new life in 2015.the st. franziskus hospital in the western city of muenster told the dpa news agency monday that the little girl's first name is angela, her middle name is merkel, and last name is their family name of muhammed.but she's not the first new angela merkel. dpa reports another baby was given the chancellor's name by a family seeking asylum in the city of duisburg in 2015.






german chancellor angela merkel re-elected for fourth term


videogerman chancellor angela merkel has been re-elected while nationalists the afd have won seats for the first time.share this withcopy this linkhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/world-europe-41383059/german-chancellor-angela-merkel-re-elected-for-fourth-termread more about sharingclose share panel






flip the bottle download


download download turn the water bottle on the deck to mark, is the biggest flip flip flip game of water you have ever played. make the water bottle flip with a simple tap. just try the flip bottle challenge and see it for yourself. enjoy. can you master the flip bottle now? inspired by the global flip flip water bottle challenge. flip that water bottle challenge challenges your reflex and the accuracy of a whole new way. download now and see what your skills are. this flippy bottle is not going to turn around. slide your finger, do what you need to do to turn it over and hang it. slide the bottle to tilt it. enjoy.






disillusioned trump voter tears apart fans who still excuse his egregious flip-f


a panel of trump voters on cnn went completely off the rails on tuesday morning after one regretful trump voter lashed out at the others for making outlandish excuses for trump’s flip-flops on key issues.while discussing trump’s newfound support for nato — despite the fact that he had called it an “irrelevant” institution as a presidential candidate — several trump supporters made excuses for the president and said that he simply didn’t have access to the same information as a candidate that he does now as the president.“i think he was as informed as they could make him,” one voter told cnn.“he wasn’t the president [at the time],” said another of trump’s changing positions.however, disillusioned trump voter scott mccommons chimed in and said that these kinds of excuses were not convincing.






havaianas flip-flop brand sold in $1bn deal


image copyrightreutersthe maker of havaianas - perhaps the world's most famous brand of flip-flops - has been sold for $1.1bn ($850m).the brazilian label has been highly successful at home and internationally, with about 200 million pairs of the footwear sold every year.alpargatas, the firm behind the brand, was owned by the scandal-hit j&f group, which manages the fortune of the billionaire batista family.it is being bought by three prominent brazilian banking families. the sale of sao paulo-based alpargatas was widely expected, and is part of j&f's strategy to offload businesses after it was involved in a series of corruption scandals.it is understood proceeds from the sale - to cambuhy investimentos, itaúsa investimentos and the fund brasil warrant - will help repay debt and go towards






bottle cap flip download


download download bottle cap flip is a free game. it's an ancient casual and perfect bottle flip game. you've been seen how the challenge on the go with just a blue bottle and flip in white stack wonderful tower. no matter whom you are, bottle cap flip match for you anytime. the game bottle cap flip comes with speed of bottle flip and like a stack of amazing fun tower. flip protect the blue bottle from white tower stack. once lost the bottle, the game will over. flip and land the blue bottle to get high scores in bottle cap flip. feature: no internet connection required. 100% easy game play. amazing blue flip bottle. speed increase by scores. bring relax, fun and happy for you. fresh your brain and train your finger. flip and protect the bottle more and more.






havaianas flip-flop brand sold in $1bn deal


image copyrightgetty imagesthe maker of havaianas - perhaps the world's most famous brand of flip-flops - has been sold for $1.1bn ($850m).the brazilian label has been highly successful at home and internationally, with about 200 million pairs of the footwear sold every year.alpargatas, the firm behind the brand, was owned by the scandal-hit j&f group, which manages the fortune of the billionaire batista family.it is being bought by three prominent brazilian banking groups. the sale of sao paulo-based alpargatas was widely expected, and is part of j&f's strategy to offload businesses after it was involved in a series of corruption scandals.it is understood proceeds from the sale - to cambuhy investimentos, itaúsa investimentos and the fund brasil warrant - will help repay debt and go towar






merkel challenger schulz: i may have believed own hype


berlin — chancellor angela merkel's challenger in germany's general election says he may have been swayed by the hype over his nomination as his party tries to recover from a humiliating defeat in a state vote.martin schulz was nominated in january as the center-left social democrats' challenger in the sept. 24 election, generating a so-called "schulz effect" that pushed up his party's poll ratings. but three state election flops followed — the worst on sunday, when merkel's conservatives ousted a social democrat-led government in north rhine-westphalia, a center-left stronghold.schulz told wednesday's edition of die zeit weekly: "i warned from the beginning against the schulz hype. but i can't rule out that i let myself be impressed by it."schulz said he "should have come earlier with con






3d-printed kickstarter sandals offer wearers customized comfort


why it matters to you you wouldn't wear the wrong size shoes and expect no discomfort, so why do we do that with sandals? 3d-printed custom fit flip-flops may be the answer.breaking news: regular flip-flops aren’t the most comfortable of footwear. it’s a pain to wear them all day, they can hurt your feet, and they turn out to be really bad for our biomechanics.thanks to the good folks at wiivv, however, we’re not doomed to wearing our bespoke lace-up work shoes during the hot summer months. that’s because the foot-based startup, which previously introduced custom fit insoles for our regular shoes, is now back with its latest venture: the world’s first custom fit, 3d-printed sandals, as digitally mapped from your smartphone.all you have to do to take your measurements is load up wiiv’s smar






how angela merkel rose to power to lead germany


angela merkel has led germany since 2005 and she is tipped to win a fourth term as chancellor.here's the insider account of how a young girl from east germany became one of the most powerful people in the world.






bottle flip challenge extreme download


download download this is an awesome water bottle challenge app made for you. as you have seen in multiple videos on social networks the bottle flip challenge has conquered the world. the principe is easy: flip the bottle and make it land on the surface in standing position. one bottle shot - one opportunity. in this game you can make your epic water bottle flip and join the flipping madness. it's a bottle flipping simulator that represents bottle flip 2k17 challenge. with this nice designed 3d bottle flip app you can flip a bottle anytime and anywhere. get this bottle flip free and discover the best water bottle flip game. your bottle challenge will be full of water bottle trick shots. make an ultimate bottle flip with the blue bottle in the bottle flipping game. try flipping bottle extre






eye opener: u.s.-russia relations ice over - videos


april 13, 2017, 7:00 am|president trump flip-flops on russia, china and nato. a series of statements in one day reverses what he promised throughout a long campaign. also, comedian and actor charlie murphy dies of leukemia at the age of 57. all that and all that matters in today's eye opener. your world in 90 seconds. get the eye opener delivered straight to your inbox.






ultra bottle flip 2k17 download


download download tap the screen to flip the bottle and escape the obstacles. can you make the most insane bottle flip trick shots in this game? game features: unlock new types of bottles- extremely fun to make you smile- realistic bottle flip physicsmake the water bottle flip with a simple one tap. this is the biggest water bottle flip challenge game that you ever played. looks easy? just try the bottle flip challenge and see it for your self. have fun. inspired by the global epic water bottle flip challenge. enjoy playing the ultra flip challenge app on your android, a new highly addictive game that will put your reflexes to the test. the goal of the game is very simple: you have to throw the bottle and try to make it land upright.






angela merkel opens way for vote on gay marriage in germany


berlin—german lawmakers tuesday cleared the way for a vote this week to legalize same-sex marriage after chancellor angela merkel dropped her opposition to it, a move that frustrated some conservatives in her own party but deprived her opponents of a possible campaign issue. ms. merkel said at an event hosted by a women’s magazine monday night that she believed the question of whether people of the same sex could marry should at...






bottle flip 2k17 download


download download do you accept the challenge to flip the bottle? you are on right game. extreme. flip the bottle onto the slap, lets see how many of your bottle flips are successful. bottle flip 2k17 is inspired by world bottle flip extreme challenge. going live in 2k16 is awesome. bottle flip 2k17 has extreme challenge. bottle flip 2k17 is super addictive. bottle flip 2k17 is awesome.






president trump's decision to drop 'mother of all bombs' gains plaudits from con


on the campaign trail, then-candidate donald trump said he would wipe out islamic state.on thursday he dropped what the military calls the “mother of all bombs” on islamic state targets in afghanistan.trump, in measured comments after the strike, said he was proud of the military and that he felt it was a “successful” operation.the move by trump sticks to a campaign pledge that he’ll focus on defeating the islamic state, which comes after a week of flip-flops on various campaign promises. on thursday, in this space, we noted that some in conservative media where not happy with his recent shifts on issues ranging from china to nato. it appears at least some in conservative media are now pleased with trump’s attack on islamic state.here are some of today’s headlines:the us military just drop






flip water bottle challenge download


download download flip water bottle challenge. it's time to flip some water bottles now. flip a partially full water bottle, land it upright to score, and hop up an endless series of platforms. can you make the most insane bottle flip trick shots in this game? the water bottle challenge has been inspired by the rigorous water-flipping stunts all over the web. well, we brought you the water bottle challenge. flip and see how far can you go while collecting all of the water droplets. try the water bottle flip challenge on your phone. flip and make the perfect landing. flip the water bottle onto the platform to score. can you master the bottle flip? flip water bottle challenge: would you inspired by the global epic water bottle flip challenge? wanna be the master of flip? flip the bottle to e






tillerson flip-flops on palestinian prisoner payments


u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson was forced to make a public u-turn wednesday on his comments a day earlier that the palestinian authority had agreed to stop paying the families of those convicted of attacks against israelis. he then appeared to make another reversal half an hour later, leaving observers confused. the palestinian authority (pa),…






water bottle flip


flip the water bottle onto the platform as many times as you can. with every successful flip, the platform gets smaller and smaller. are you up to the challenge? game features- fun and extremely addicting gameplay- flip the bottle upright onto the platform to score points- game gets harder with every successful flip- how many bottle flips can you land? do you have what it takes to master the bottle flip?






bottle flip takeoff - 2k17 download


download download takeoff in an insanely fun water bottle flip challenge game. flip the bottle high into the sky as you jump from pad to pad avoiding the moving robot "dab" as he tries to knock you out of the sky. "the bottle flipping's not dead, it's just getting started. free game. for the first time ever, play with the popular "marker" flip. now unlock the coolest bleach bottle. super cool 3d flip action. the most craziest flip game out. level up on the newest survival mode. more than 100+ levels. and more coming soon. let's get lit. "if you encounter any problems or have any concerns, please contact us first to resolve them before leaving negative feedback. we strive for your 5 star rating. ".






what to know ahead of germany’s election


by sept. 23, 2017 9:37 a.m. et germany is voting on sunday to elect a new parliament. chancellor angela merkel is riding high in opinion polls and is widely expected to secure a fourth term, but questions remain over what form her coalition might take. in addition, an entry into parliament from the anti-immigrant alternative for germany, or afd, could mark a turning point in a country where right-wing populism has long been banished from mainstream discussion. here’s a... why angela merkel needs donald trumpchancellor angela merkel may owe a debt of gratitude to donald trump for her commanding lead in the german general election. wsj’s anton troianovski explains. photo: reuters to read the full story subscribe sign in






state electoral win shows angela merkel’s staying power


berlin--german chancellor angela merkel, buffeted by years of crises that opponents said would usher in her political demise, is savoring signs of renewed strength as a national election campaign approaches.the country’s refugee crisis has receded into the background. her regular meetings with foreign leaders portray her confidence on the world...






flip video, video cutter download


download download this application is for flip any video horizontally or vertically. using this video flip and video cutter you can flip and trim a video. video flip and video cutter is easy to use and free app to flip and trim a video, with this video flip and video cutter you can easily flip video. this application is so easy to use. feature: > easily flip any video horizontally or vertically> you can also trim video in this app. you can also add your favorite music in video. you can play your flipped video> you can share these video's to social network like facebook, gmail etc> save & deletehow to use? > select videos from your gallery / camera> select flip option (flip horizontally or flip vertically) > click on "save" button> select audio option ("original audio" and "select from gall






flip the block for windows 10 download


download download the puzzle game which will flip you out, based on a classic puzzle game with a twist. flip the blocks to make every board either red or blue, but as you flip a block, all its adjacent blocks will flip as well. features: 3 different puzzle modes. 5 different board sizes. statistics tracking. 156 medals to attain. brag about your medals to friends.






ivanka trump to visit angela merkel in berlin


ivanka trump will make her first international public appearance on the behalf of the u.s. when she travels to a women20 empowerment summit in berlin sometime in april. during her trip to germany, president donald trump’s older daughter will reportedly meet one-on-one with chancellor angela merkel, whom she met for the first time recently. after the…






germany’s angela merkel backs away from party’s opposition to gay marriage


berlin (dpa) – german chancellor angela merkel on monday backed away from her conservative party’s refusal to grant same-sex marriage rights, a hot-button issue ahead of the country’s september elections. merkel’s christian democrats (cdu) and their bavarian-based allies, the christian social union (csu), have repeatedly blocked efforts to introduce gay marriage with full rights in germany…






long island during and after the crowds of summer


if these before and after labor day shots are any indication, long island beaches and other hot spots are about to look dramatically different.(credit: john roca)can't find your flip-flops? try looking for them on delphine beach in east quogue, pictured on labor day, sept. 4, 2017.(credit: john roca)footprints, perhaps, but there are no sight of flip-flops on sept. 5, 2017, the day after labor day on delphine beach in east quogue.(credit: john roca)beachgoers take in the last bit of the waning summer days at tiana beach, in hampton bays, on sept. 4, 2017.advertisementadvertise here(credit: john roca)just a handful of beachgoers are spotted at tiana beach, in hampton bays, on sept. 5, 2017.(credit: john roca)the beach scene at coopers beach in southampton on sept. 4, 2017.(credit: john roca






president trump prods germany over nato, but touts merkel meeting


washington—a day after meeting with germany chancellor angela merkel, president donald trump tweeted that her country owes “vast sums of money” to the north atlantic treaty organization and the u.s.at the same time, mr. trump insisted he had a productive meeting on friday with ms. merkel, despite reports of tensions.“despite what you have heard from the fake news, i had a great meeting with german chancellor angela...






can the eu go it alone? | angela merkel


angela merkel is germany's chancellor, but is also seen by some as europe's leader.so, when she says the european union can't rely on the us and uk, that creates waves.merkel is concerned that the long-standing allies are drifting in a new direction, with donald trump in the us and post-brexit britain.merkel's warning comes a few days after european leaders didn't see eye to eye with trump at the g7 and nato summits.they failed to agree on various issues, including climate change and the two year old refugee crisis.merkel says europe can't always trust the u.s. and uk going forward.what does that mean for the transatlantic alliance?presenter: hashem ahelbarraguests:thorsten benner, hertie school of governancecharles lichfield, eurasia group and specialist on eu-us relationslawrence korb, f






angela merkel to meet donald trump amid host of policy differences


president trump often slammed angela merkel on the campaign trail, calling her refugee policy “insane.” when the german chancellor meets her new american counterpart for the first time on tuesday, she will come face to face with the gaping differences over that and a host of trade and other policies clouding a vital trans-atlantic relationship. “i believe that direct conversation is always much better than talking about each other,” ms. merkel told business representatives on monday before flying to washington. regarding...






inside the museum of failure: microsoft's kin to apple's pippin, the world's gre


some products should never have been made, but flops like coke 2, bic's 'she-pen', and nokia's n-gage still hold valuable lessons for innovators. to remind people of their value, organizational psychologist dr samuel west, has opened the museum of failure in the helsingborg, sweden."the point of the museum is to show how important failure is for success when it comes to innovation. we need to accept failure," west tells zdnet. european innovators haven't accepted failure in the way silicon valley has, but west notes that silicon valley firms often forget his second message about failure. "silicon valley has the right attitude when it comes to innovation and not stigmatizing failure. unfortunately, even silicon valley companies are horrible when it comes to learning from their failures, so






angela merkel to meet donald trump amid host of policy differences


president trump often slammed angela merkel on the campaign trail, calling her refugee policy “insane.” when the german chancellor meets her new american counterpart for the first time this week, she will come face to face with the gaping differences over that and a host of trade and other policies clouding a vital trans-atlantic relationship. “i believe that direct conversation is always much better than talking about each other,” ms. merkel told business representatives on monday. regarding mr. trump’s past criticism...






angela merkel to meet donald trump amid host of policy differences


president donald trump often slammed angela merkel on the campaign trail, calling her refugee policy “insane.” when the german chancellor meets her new u.s. counterpart for the first time friday, she will come face to face with the gaping differences over that and a host of other policies clouding a vital trans-atlantic relationship. “i believe that direct conversation is always much better than talking about each other,” ms. merkel told business representatives on monday. regarding mr. trump’s past criticism of her, an...






flip dive super jumping download


download download flip dive super jumping is one of the firmest paced flip jump pool diving game in the category of diving games in the water. if you bred up liking flip diving games and water diving games then you are definitely going to love the mixture of deep sea diving games and water park games with flip jump and pool diving. in this extreme flip diving games, hear the shrilling wind in your ears while jumping in this water diving games. control your balance in one of the wildest diving games in the water. it's time for flip jump and pool diving and show your pro skills in this water park games and deep sea diving games because you are now a part of our impressive flip diving games. check out this new diving games in the water and play hard, hurl, swirl and flip like a pro diver. do






germany's angela merkel racks up another come-from-behind victory


sascha schuermann / getty imagesgerman chancellor angela merkel speaks to supporters while campaigning for her christian democratic union in haltern am see, germany, on may 10, 2017.german chancellor angela merkel speaks to supporters while campaigning for her christian democratic union in haltern am see, germany, on may 10, 2017. (sascha schuermann / getty images)






merkel asks for a handshake, trump doesn't respond


closeskip in skipxembedxshare president donald trump is hosting german chancellor angela merkel at the white house. the two met in the oval office for a discussion about nato and the islamic state group, among other topics. (march 17) apamid the chaos of president trump and germany chancellor angela merkel's first meeting in the oval office on friday, a request was made.photographers wondered if the world leaders would shake hands.merkel turned to trump. "do you want a handshake?" she asked.trump didn't respond. (to be fair, it seemed loud in the room.)and then merkel made a face.awkward.read or share this story: http://usat.ly/2mbimik






merkel asks for a handshake, trump doesn't respond


closeskip in skipxembedxshare president donald trump is hosting german chancellor angela merkel at the white house. the two met in the oval office for a discussion about nato and the islamic state group, among other topics. (march 17) apamid the chaos of president trump and germany chancellor angela merkel's first meeting in the oval office on friday, a request was made.photographers wondered if the world leaders would shake hands.merkel turned to trump. "do you want a handshake?" she asked.trump didn't respond. (to be fair, it seemed loud in the room.)and then merkel made a face.awkward.read or share this story: http://usat.ly/2mbimik






merkel asks for a handshake, trump doesn't respond


closeskip in skipxembedxshare president donald trump is hosting german chancellor angela merkel at the white house. the two met in the oval office for a discussion about nato and the islamic state group, among other topics. (march 17) apamid the chaos of president trump and germany chancellor angela merkel's first meeting in the oval office on friday, a request was made.photographers wondered if the world leaders would shake hands.merkel turned to trump. "do you want a handshake?" she asked.trump didn't respond. (to be fair, it seemed loud in the room.)and then merkel made a face.awkward.read or share this story: http://usat.ly/2mbimik






merkel asks for a handshake, trump doesn't respond


closeskip in skipxembedxshare president donald trump is hosting german chancellor angela merkel at the white house. the two met in the oval office for a discussion about nato and the islamic state group, among other topics. (march 17) apamid the chaos of president trump and germany chancellor angela merkel's first meeting in the oval office on friday, a request was made.photographers wondered if the world leaders would shake hands.merkel turned to trump. "do you want a handshake?" she asked.trump didn't respond. (to be fair, it seemed loud in the room.)and then merkel made a face.awkward.read or share this story: http://usat.ly/2mbimik






angela merkel's cdu 'seizes key state from rivals'


angela merkel's christian democrats party (cdu) has unseated rivals social democrats (spd) in a key election, exit polls say.the cdu is projected to win 34.5% of votes in north rhine-westphalia, the country's most populous state, compared with just 30.5% for the spd.the spd has run the state for most of the post-war period.the vote was seen as a test for mrs merkel, who faces a general election in september.voters were choosing candidates for the state legislature, which may now change from its current spd-greens coalition.the spd's vote is down by 8.6% on the last election there in 2012 - while merkel's vote is up by almost the same amount.party leader martin schulz had predicted a victory there would make him the next german chancellor - but the victory for mrs merkel's party will now gi






bottle flip download


download download flip the water bottle onto the platform to score. you can be the master of flip. flip and make the perfect landing. try the water bottle flip challenge on your phone. join the bottle flipping challenge. what is the water bottle flipping? water bottle flipping is an activity and a challenge that involves throwing a plastic water bottle, typically full or partially full of liquid, into the air so that it rotates, in an attempt to land it upright on its bottom.