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'the end of the soviet union is the end of who we thought we were'


a crowd in this august 23, 1991 file photo is gathered while a statue of police chief felix dzerzhinsky is toppled at the kgb headquarters in moscow (ap photo/alexander zemlianichenko)“do not buy maps, buy stock in companies that print maps,” dr. paul goble told a group at los alamos national laboratory in november of 1992.predictions are hard. and few people know that better than dr. goble, who worked for the us state department during the 1980s. goble was warning people that the end of the soviet union was just around the corner and that massive change for the us was underway. but a lot of people didn’t believe him. until it actually happened.goble delivered his talk at los alamos national laboratory on november 17, 1992, less than a full year after the collapse of the soviet union. by t






russia, bosnia sign deal settling soviet-era debt


sarajevo, bosnia-herzegovina — bosnia and russia have signed an agreement to settle moscow's $125 million soviet-era debt to the balkan country.bosnia's finance ministry said the deal signed tuesday in moscow will make bosnia the only ex-yugoslav republic to collect the debt in cash.the full amount is expected to be transferred by the end of may, but the timing depends on how speedily the bosnian parliament ratifies the deal.in 2003, russia took over the responsibility for the soviet union's debt to the former yugoslavia estimated at $1.3 billion. the debt arose mainly from business deals under which communist yugoslavia provided the soviet union with consumer goods.moscow has cleared the portions of debt claimed by other yugoslav successor states, repaying them in goods and services.






auction of soviet art triggers probe; art market on guard


moscow — the sale of nine soviet-era masterpieces that fetched $3 million at a london auction in 2014 is causing uproar in moscow's art community, where it was largely perceived as a theft of the family jewels.the sale of the paintings, one of which now has a place of pride in a moscow oligarch's private museum, has triggered a criminal investigation.there also has been a push to re-nationalize the collection that once belonged to a soviet artists' trade union. the dispute has also made it much more difficult to move russian art across the border for sales or exhibitions.in recent months, several ministry of culture officials were fired, rules were tightened on the sale of russian art abroad, and the russian man who sold the artworks in london is under pressure to return a huge soviet-era






trump embraces loaded phrase 'enemy of the people'


moscow – the phrase was too toxic even for nikita khrushchev, a war-hardened veteran communist not known for squeamishness. as leader of the soviet union, he demanded an end to the use of the term “enemy of the people” because “it eliminated the possibility of any kind of ideological fight.”“the formula ‘enemy of the people,’ ” khrushchev told the soviet communist party in a 1956 speech denouncing stalin’s cult of personality, “was specifically introduced for the purpose of physically annihilating such individuals” who disagreed with the supreme leader.it is difficult to know if president donald trump is aware of the historic resonance of the term, a label generally associated with despotic communist governments rather than democracies. but his decision to unleash the terminology has left






trump embraces 'enemy of the people,' a phrase with a fraught history


moscow – the phrase was too toxic even for nikita khrushchev, a war-hardened veteran communist not known for squeamishness. as leader of the soviet union, he demanded an end to the use of the term "enemy of the people" because "it eliminated the possibility of any kind of ideological fight.""the formula 'enemy of the people,' " khrushchev told the soviet communist party in a 1956 speech denouncing stalin's cult of personality, "was specifically introduced for the purpose of physically annihilating such individuals" who disagreed with the supreme leader.it is difficult to know if president donald trump is aware of the historic resonance of the term, a label generally associated with despotic communist governments rather than democracies. but his decision to unleash the terminology has left






viktor gorbatko, one of the first soviet-era cosmonauts, dies at 82


viktor gorbatko, one of the first soviet-era cosmonauts and a veteran of three flights into space, died on wednesday (may 17). he was 82. "roscosmos expresses deep condolences to the relatives and friends of viktor vasilyevich," the space agency wrote in a statement posted to its website. the cause of death was not stated. tass, the state-owned news agency, reported gorbatko died in the intensive care unit of a moscow hospital after falling ill in recent weeks. [top 10 soviet and russian space missions] in march 1960 at the age of 26, gorbatko was selected to train alongside yuri gagarin and 18 other air force pilots as the soviet union's first cosmonaut group. with gorbatko's death, only three of the original 20 cosmonauts remain — valery bykovsky, alexei leonov and boris volynov. despite






3 lessons from the korean war for handling today’s korean aggression


the trump administration’s increasingly tough talk on north korea and the apparent defiance from the young north korean dictator have made many people wonder if a second korean war is imminent. at this critical junction, it’s probably best to remind ourselves of some history lessons from the first korean war, which are still applicable today.1. don’t forget russiatoday many people seem to count only china, the united states, and north and south korea as the major players on the korean peninsula. let’s not forget the important role the former soviet union (today’s russia) historically played, which contributed to the conflict on the korea peninsula today.after japan surrendered to the allies on august 15, 1945, the soviet army took over manchuria and quickly marched into korea. joseph stali






matthew fisher: chrystia freeland’s past prepares her to forge canada’s foreign


kyiv, ukraine — chrystia freeland’s journey from a rabble-rousing student intent on trying to help throw the soviet union out of ukraine to becoming canada’s foreign minister takes another turn tuesday when she gives an address to parliament that is being touted as an occasion that will shape the country’s foreign policy for years to come.one of the major thrusts of freeland’s speech is expected to be about how canada will return to peacekeeping and that canadians need to know that such missions are far more perilous than they used to be.how much the minister will speak about hotspots such as iran and north korea or the dangers posed by russia and the kremlin’s revanchist designs on crimea, eastern ukraine and other parts of the former soviet union is not known.whether ukraine figures prom






matthew fisher: chrystia freeland’s past prepares her to forge canada’s foreign


kyiv, ukraine — chrystia freeland’s journey from a rabble-rousing student intent on trying to help throw the soviet union out of ukraine to becoming canada’s foreign minister takes another turn tuesday when she gives an address to parliament that is being touted as an occasion that will shape the country’s foreign policy for years to come.one of the major thrusts of freeland’s speech is expected to be about how canada will return to peacekeeping and that canadians need to know that such missions are far more perilous than they used to be.how much the minister will speak about hotspots such as iran and north korea or the dangers posed by russia and the kremlin’s revanchist designs on crimea, eastern ukraine and other parts of the former soviet union is not known.whether ukraine figures prom






german leaders court migrants from russia ahead of election


berlin — german politicians are reaching out to migrants from russia in an effort to tap what's seen as a long-neglected group of voters as germany gears up for its general election.chancellor angela merkel is due to host a private reception wednesday for representatives of ethnic germans who emigrated from the former soviet union in large numbers from the late 1980s onward.some 2.3 million people from the former soviet union arrived in germany over the past two decades.the christian social union, merkel's allies in bavaria, and the nationalist alternative for germany party have sought to tap conservative sentiment among this group with online ads and posters in russian.german officials have expressed concern that russia might try to influence germany's sept. 24 election, including through






ukraine just tweeted a simpsons gif at russia because 2017 is weird as hell


gif just when you think 2017 couldn’t get weirder, two countries get into a spat on twitter and use a simpsons gif to accuse the other of aggression. seriously.yes, it all started when the official, verified twitter account for the country of ukraine tweeted out this not-so-subtle jab at the fact that ukraine had a diplomatic relationship with france long before russia was on the scene:the official, verified twitter feed of russia responded with a tweet saying that they were proud of their common history, imploring ukraine that their heritage “should unite our nations, not divide us.”:and then ukraine responded with a gif insinuating that russia wanted to go back to the old days of the soviet union, back when ukraine was part of the ussr:yes, not just any gif. a gif from the simpsons. spec






zbigniew brzezinski, jimmy carter's national security adviser, dies at 89


zbigniew brzezinski, the national security adviser to president jimmy carter, has died. he was 89.his death was announced on social media friday night by his daughter, msnbc host mika brzezinski. she called him "the most inspiring, loving and devoted father any girl could ever have."brzezinski helped topple economic barriers between the soviet union, china and the west. and he helped carter bridge wide gaps between the rigid egyptian and israeli leaders, anwar sadat and menachem begin, leading to the camp david accords.but the carter years were also defined by the iranian hostage crisis, which came to symbolize the administration's failures and frustrations.in recent years, brzezinski took part in proceedings designed to bring the former soviet republics into the north atlantic treaty orga






husky crews set montlake cut course records in windemere cup wins


the men’s winning time broke a 20-year-old course record set by washington in the 1997 cal dual regatta of 5:30.0. the women’s performance broke the 30-year-old record set by the soviet union national team in the 1987 windermere cup of 6:11.73.sprinting down the montlake cut course as if they had motors instead of oars, university of washington men’s and women’s varsity crews set course records saturday in winning windermere cup feature races.the husky men covered the 2,000-meter course in 5 minutes, 27.48 seconds, finishing far ahead of the shanghai, china men’s team that was clocked in 5:45.36.the uw women won in 6:07.03. the huskies’ second varsity eight was runner-up in 6:18.12 and the shanghai visitors were third in 6:37.23.the course that starts on lake washington then enters the mon






stalin and secret police chief face charges in ukraine


ukraine is bringing charges against soviet leader joseph stalin and his secret police (nkvd) chief lavrenti beria for the repression of crimea’s muslim tatar community, the country’s general prosecutor announced on thursday. the investigation, which began in december 2015, centers around events that happened over 70 years ago, when the soviet union deported thousands of people…






former finnish president mauno koivisto dies at 93


helsinki — mauno koivisto, finland's last president during the cold war who led the nordic nation out of the shadow of its huge eastern neighbor, the soviet union, into the european union, has died. he was 93.the finnish president's office said koivisto died friday evening in a helsinki hospital. no cause of death was given. his wife tellervo koivisto said earlier this year that he suffered severely from alzheimer's disease and could no longer be cared for at home.koivisto served two six-year terms between 1982 and 1994, enjoying great popularity among ordinary finns.he kept close ties to both east and west, hosting a summit in 1990, between u.s president george h.w. bush and the last soviet leader mikhail gorbachev.he is survived by his wife and a daughter.






husky crews set montlake cut course records in windermere cup wins


the men’s winning time broke a 20-year-old course record set by washington in the 1997 cal dual regatta of 5:30.0. the women’s performance broke the 30-year-old record set by the soviet union national team in the 1987 windermere cup of 6:11.73.sprinting down the montlake cut course as if they had motors instead of oars, university of washington men’s and women’s varsity crews set course records saturday in winning windermere cup feature races.the husky men covered the 2,000-meter course in 5 minutes, 27.48 seconds, finishing far ahead of the shanghai, china men’s team that was clocked in 5:45.36.the uw women won in 6:07.03. the huskies’ second varsity eight was runner-up in 6:18.12, and the shanghai visitors were third in 6:37.23.the course that starts on lake washington then enters the mo






the trump administration is not a bunch of toadies for russia


is president trump just a crony of vladimir putin’s russian government? for many on the left, the answer is yes. they claim this because of his statements that give support for russia’s actions and some of his advisors’ connections with russian government.they also say that russia influenced the 2016 election to get trump elected. yet if president trump were a manchurian candidate bent on making russia “great again,” then it wouldn’t be in his speeches, but rather in his administration’s policies regarding russia. the personnel that make his foreign policy team would also matter.what vladimir putin wantsto understand what a russian sympathizer would try to implement, one needs to first look at what russia’s objectives are. putin’s main goal is to regain the lost influence russia had before






carter national security adviser zbigniew brzezinski dies


zbigniew brzezinski, who helped topple economic barriers between the soviet union, china and the west as president jimmy carter’s national security adviser, died friday. he was 89.washington (ap) — zbigniew brzezinski, who helped topple economic barriers between the soviet union, china and the west as president jimmy carter’s national security adviser, died friday. he was 89.his death was announced on social media friday night by his daughter, msnbc host mika brzezinski. she called him “the most inspiring, loving and devoted father any girl could ever have.”in a statement, carter called brzezinski “a superb public servant” as well as “brilliant, dedicated and loyal.”earnest and ambitious, brzezinski helped carter bridge wide gaps between the rigid egyptian and israeli leaders, anwar sadat






the complex story of polish refugees in iran | poland


tehran - taji, a companion parrot, moved about freely in an apartment in central tehran, occasionally emitting a scream. "i don't like to put him in a cage," helena stelmach, 86, told al jazeera. "i don't like imprisonment."nearly eight decades ago, stelmach learned her own lessons about imprisonment, exile and the process of seeking refuge. in september 1939, german soldiers invaded poland from the west and soviet soldiers occupied the country's east.the soviet union's red army deported more than one million poles to siberia, and stelmach's family was among those targeted. soviet soldiers arrested and imprisoned her father in poland, while eight-year-old helena and her mother were forced to leave their home."it was midnight when they came for us," stelmach said. "first, they sent us to a






remember when media loved russia, ignored election interference?


it is instructive to place the current hysteria over russia’s meddling in american elections and other internal affairs in historical context. there is nothing new about russia meddling in american politics or resorting to dirty tricks to reach its goals. however, when similar incidents occurred in the past, the “progressive” media was, remarkably, on the opposite side of the ideological divide.rewind the clock all the way back to the late 1940s and early 1950s. the united states and the soviet union were in the middle of the cold war. this is just a small sample of what happened in the world then: the berlin blockade; the korean war; mao zedong’s communist forces defeated chiang kai-shek; and pro-soviet parties took full control of czechoslovakia, hungary, and romania and executed their o






soviet ice hockey great vladimir petrov dies at 69 – the denver post


moscow — vladimir petrov, a two-time olympic hockey champion who was on the soviet union team that lost to the united states at the 1980 lake placid games, died tuesday. he was 69.petrov played alongside boris mikhailov and valery kharlamov on an offensive line considered one of the best in hockey history.petrov won olympic gold with the soviet union at the 1972 and 1976 games. he was still on the team in 1980 when the soviets had to settle for silver after losing to the americans and then beating sweden in the final round.the russian hockey federation announced the death on tuesday, but didn’t give a cause.russian president vladimir putin called petrov the “pride and fame of russian sports.”“he was wholeheartedly committed to his work, his team and his homeland,” putin said.at the world c






zbigniew brzezinski, national security adviser to jimmy carter, dies at 89 – the


zbigniew brzezinski, the hawkish strategic theorist who was national security adviser to president jimmy carter in the tumultuous years of the iran hostage crisis and the soviet invasion of afghanistan in the late 1970s, died friday at a hospital in virginia. he was 89.his death, at inova fairfax hospital in falls church, was announced friday by his daughter, mika brzezinski, a co-host of the msnbc program “morning joe.”like his predecessor henry a. kissinger, brzezinski was a foreign-born scholar (he in poland, kissinger in germany) with considerable influence in global affairs, both before and long after his official tour of duty in the white house. in essays, interviews and television appearances over the decades, he cast a sharp eye on six successive administrations, including that of






zbigniew brzezinski, national security adviser to jimmy carter, dies at 89 – the


zbigniew brzezinski, the hawkish strategic theorist who was national security adviser to president jimmy carter in the tumultuous years of the iran hostage crisis and the soviet invasion of afghanistan in the late 1970s, died friday at a hospital in virginia. he was 89.his death, at inova fairfax hospital in falls church, was announced friday by his daughter, mika brzezinski, a co-host of the msnbc program “morning joe.”like his predecessor henry a. kissinger, brzezinski was a foreign-born scholar (he in poland, kissinger in germany) with considerable influence in global affairs, both before and long after his official tour of duty in the white house. in essays, interviews and television appearances over the decades, he cast a sharp eye on six successive administrations, including that of






soviet-era poet yevgeny yevtushenko dies aged 84


image copyrightgetty imagesimage caption yevtushenko published more than 150 collections of poems the russian poet yevgeny yevtushenko has died of heart failure in the united states at the age of 84.yevtushenko was the last surviving major poet of those who came to prominence in the ussr of the 1960s.he is best-known for his epic work, babi yar.it commemorates one of the worst nazi atrocities of the second world war, in which tens of thousands of jews and other prisoners were killed in the ukrainian capital kiev.babi yar massacre: poet yevgeny yevtushenko recollectsthe poem broke taboos by also exposing anti-semitism in the soviet union and was later set to music by dmitri shostakovich in his symphony no 13.image copyrightgetty imagesimage caption the poet published some of his most famous






soviet-era poet yevgeny yevtushenko dies aged 84


image copyrightgetty imagesimage caption yevtushenko published more than 150 collections of poems the russian poet yevgeny yevtushenko has died of heart failure in the united states at the age of 84.yevtushenko was the last surviving major poet of those who came to prominence in the ussr of the 1960s.he is best-known for his epic work, babi yar.it commemorates one of the worst nazi atrocities of the second world war, in which tens of thousands of jews and other prisoners were killed in the ukrainian capital kiev.babi yar massacre: poet yevgeny yevtushenko recollectsthe poem broke taboos by also exposing anti-semitism in the soviet union and was later set to music by dmitri shostakovich in his symphony no 13.image copyrightgetty imagesimage caption the poet published some of his most famous






ap fact check: trump forgets tense time in us-russia history


washington (ap) — in a news conference and a pair of interviews, president donald trump gave skewed accounts of u.s. relations over time with russia, auto jobs and health care under his watch.he also flatly contradicted himself on how long he’s known his right-hand strategist, steve bannon.a look at some of his statements:___most read stories3-course dinners for $32 starting april 2.trump: “we may be at an all-time low in terms of relationship with russia.” — press conference wednesday with nato secretary general jens stoltenbergthe facts: arguably true in the post-soviet era. not so during the decades of the cold war, when the threat of nuclear annihilation hung over russians, americans, their allies and the world.the u.s. and the soviet union were on the verge of a nuclear conflict in oc






amid growing tensions, russian immigrants speak out – the mercury news


the first month of the trump presidency was marked by intriguing allegations that russian hackers tried to swing november’s election to donald trump. but ask almost any russian immigrant in the bay area and they’re bound to tell you the same thing: america’s hand-wringing is largely overblown.it’s not that they don’t believe what they read, hear and see in the american media. but to many of them the way the news has been presented — including news accounts based on u.s. intelligence reports that russian president vladimir putin personally ordered the hacks of democratic national committee servers — are exaggerated and often devoid of necessary context and nuance.“the cyberhacking may have happened, but it was not ordered by putin — and it definitely did not affect the u.s. presidential cam






nobel prize winner claims trump tried to get government post in moscow


nobel peace prize-winning cardiologist bernard lown claims that donald trump approached him in 1986 and asked him for information that would help him secure a key u.s. government post in moscow.in an interview with the hollywood reporter, lown says that trump asked him for information about mikhail gorbachev, who had just risen to become the soviet union’s head of state in 1985. lown also says trump revealed plans to ask president ronald reagan to appoint him to “an official post to the ussr in order to negotiate a nuclear disarmament deal on behalf of the united states, a job for which trump felt he was the only one fit.”trump told lown that his plan was to sit down in a room with gorbachev and use his negotiating prowess to end the entire cold war in the span of a mere hour.“i sat there






want to mark a revolution? kremlin says you can count it out


moscow (ap) — for alexis rodzianko, it’s a date that sometimes makes him the target of hostility from russians who revile what his great-grandfather did to the czar.for political and religious leaders, it’s an event to be ignored or even condemned.and for a younger generation that never knew the soviet union, it’s an increasingly irrelevant part of the past that gets only a routine mention in history classes.the tumult that russia endured in 1917 sent shockwaves around the world as its last czar, nicholas ii, abdicated his throne, and power was later seized by vladimir lenin’s bolsheviks. a century later, the anniversary is being marked with little official commemoration from the kremlin.most read storiesunlimited digital access. $1 for 4 weeks.“it doesn’t fit for the authorities. they are






correction: russia-revolution story


moscow — in a story march 14 about the russian revolution, the associated press erroneously reported the name of a website marking the centenary of the russian revolution. the website is project1917.ru, not 1917.ru.a corrected version of the story is below:want to mark a revolution? kremlin says you can count it outa century after the days that shook the world, the anniversary of the 1917 revolution in russia is being marked with little official fanfare from the kremlinby howard amosassociated pressmoscow (ap) — for alexis rodzianko, it's a date that sometimes makes him the target of hostility from russians who revile what his great-grandfather did to the czar.for political and religious leaders, it's an event to be ignored or even condemned.and for a younger generation that never knew the






want to mark a revolution? kremlin says you can count it out


moscow — for alexis rodzianko, it's a date that sometimes makes him the target of hostility from russians who revile what his great-grandfather did to the czar.for political and religious leaders, it's an event to be ignored or even condemned.and for a younger generation that never knew the soviet union, it's an increasingly irrelevant part of the past that gets only a routine mention in history classes.the tumult that russia endured in 1917 sent shockwaves around the world as its last czar, nicholas ii, abdicated his throne, and power was later seized by vladimir lenin's bolsheviks. a century later, the anniversary is being marked with little official commemoration from the kremlin."it doesn't fit for the authorities. they are passing it from hand-to-hand like a hot potato," said lev luri






president carter adviser zbigniew brzezinski dies at 89


brzezinski helped topple economic barriers between the soviet union, china and the west during the 1970s.        






russia: 6 militants, 6 soldiers killed in chechen firefight


moscow — russian authorities say six suspected militants and six soldiers were killed during a firefight in the volatile north caucasus region.the national anti-terrorism committee said in a statement friday that armed militants, including two with suicide belts, tried to break into a national guard base in chechnya in the early hours of the morning.the national guard, a powerful new security agency created last year by president vladimir putin, said in a statement that the attack took place in heavy fog.the kremlin has relied on chechen leader ramzan kadyrov to stabilize the situation in the mainly muslin region in the wake of two bloody separatist wars that followed the fall of the soviet union.






reagan thought this 1983 nuclear apocalypse movie validated his nuclear policy


gif have you ever seen the 1983 abc tv-movie the day after? it’s bleak as hell, to say the least. it was a media event, with untold numbers of american dying in the film after a tit-for-tat nuclear war with the soviet union. but curiously, president ronald reagan thought that it validated everything about his get-tough nuclear policy with the soviets.advertisement(you can watch the entire thing on youtube if you haven’t seen it.) there are two entries in reagan’s diary about the movie. the first is from october 10, 1983, more than a month before it aired on tv. “camp d,” of course, is referring to camp david.from reagan’s diary on october 10, 1983:advertisementcolumbus day. in the morning at camp d. i ran the tape of the movie abc is running on the air nov. 20. it’s called “the day after.”






a growing competition: china and the u.s. space program, year by year


the first true rocket was fired by china in 1232, during a war with the mongols. but by the time the soviet union and the united states pioneered modern space exploration in the 1950s and ’60s, china was largely out of the game. when the united states landed a man on the moon almost half a century ago, china was mired in political turmoil. the country didn’t send an astronaut into space until 2003.but now it’s catching up.last year, for the first time, china launched more rockets than russia. the nation also embarked on its longest crewed mission and completed the world’s largest radio telescope. it plans to land a rover on the far side of the moon next year, the first for any country, and put a probe on mars by 2020.here’s a look at what china has done and how it compares with the u.s. sp






remains of 21 soviet red army soldiers found in germany


berlin — seventy-two years after the end of world war ii, a construction crew has found the remains of at least 21 soviet red army soldiers in eastern germany.the remains of the soviet soldiers were found in the town of seelow, 70 kilometers (43 miles) east of berlin, during the construction of a bike path.joachim kozlowski from the volksbund charity that takes care of war graves told the german news agency dpa on monday there were probably more bones in the ground.kozlowski said experts will try to identify the soldiers' remains. he said they likely died during the last days of world war ii, in the final battles for berlin between the soviets and nazi germany.some 33,000 soviet and polish soldiers, and about 12,000 wehrmacht ones, were killed around seelow.






the rise and fracture of the european union |


europe is in the throes of a far-right populist resurgence, threatening mainstream politics and the very idea of european integration.nationalism is playing a key part in elections across the continent, while europe waits to see how far the far right has come, and how far the european union has left to go."to understand europe and where we are today in terms of european integration and some of the phenomena we're seeing in the contemporary period, we do have to go back to that europe that no longer exists, the post-world war ii europe," says alina polyakova, the director of research on europe and eurasia at the atlantic council. interactive: the making and breaking of europein 1945, at the end of world war ii, the continent had been divided by nationalism and devastated by war. but it was