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bosnia's silent killer: the coal industry


after the us decision to quit the paris climate agreement, the european union set its sights on becoming a global leader in curbing fossil fuel emissions. but some of its eastern neighbours that seek to join the bloc have severe levels of air pollution. the bbc's environment correspondent navin khadka visited bosnia-herzegovina, where a heavy reliance on the coal industry has led to high levels of pollution. many people are switching back to coal as a cheaper alternative to imported gas from russia. but the high level of air pollution in the balkan state has become a cause for alarm for the locals.produced by camelia sadeghzadehcamera marek polaszewski






coal jobs prove lucrative, but not for those in the mines


the wage gap between the coal industry’s top executives and average coal workers has expanded from 2004 to 2016, while low-end pay has stagnated, government data showglenn kellow, the coal executive who led peabody energy through bankruptcy, just collected an estimated $15 million stock bonus. john eaves at arch coal, another recently bankrupt coal giant, got an award valued at $10 million.the view from the coal pits is far less rosy.an analysis of recent government data shows that the wage gap between the coal industry’s top executives and average coal workers has expanded, while low-end pay has stagnated.from 2004 to 2016, the average annual wage for chief executives in the coal industry grew as much as five times faster than those of lower-paying jobs in the industry, like construction






the entire coal industry employs fewer people than arby's


“my action today is the latest in a series of steps to create american jobs and to grow american wealth,” president donald trump said earlier this week before a group of coal miners.trump was announcing the rollback of several obama-era environmental regulations that would have affected industries such as coal mining. trump has repeatedly claimed that over-regulation has led to a decline in coal-industry jobs.“i made them this promise,” trump said at the signing. “we will put our miners back to work.”experts in the industry have already pointed out, repeatedly, that the coal jobs are extremely unlikely to come back. the plight of the coal industry is more a function of changing energy markets and increased demand for natural gas than anything else.the chief executive of the nation’s larges






new coal mine touted by trump opens in pennsylvania


friedens, pa. — a new coal mine that president donald trump mentioned in announcing plans to pull the u.s. out of the paris climate accord has officially opened in pennsylvania.the acosta mine will supply coal used in making steel and is expected to generate up to 100 full-time jobs. it's located in friedens, about 60 miles southeast of pittsburgh.a thursday celebration was scheduled to mark its opening.corsa coal corp. says it decided in august to open the mine after a steel industry boom drove up prices for metallurgical coal. pennsylvania awarded a $3 million grant for the project.the republican president campaigned on promises to help the failing coal-mining industry.corsa's chief executive says trump has made the entire mining industry more optimistic.






swiss authorities extradite war crimes suspect to bosnia


sarajevo, bosnia-herzegovina — prosecutors in bosnia say a woman wanted for war crimes she allegedly committed against serb civilians during the country's 1992-95 war has been extradited from switzerland.a statement from prosecutors says that 56-year-old efeta veseli was handed over to authorities on friday at sarajevo's airport.she is accused of a "particularly cruel" murder of a 12-year-old serb boy near the northeastern bosnian town of zvornik in 1992. veseli left bosnia after the war and settled in switzerland where she was arrested in september. her transfer to bosnia for trial was delayed because she had been battling extradition.






lake created by coal waste landslide floods bosnian highway


sarajevo, bosnia-herzegovina — flooding from a new lake created by a landslide of mine waste shut down one of bosnia's main highways saturday and raised fears of further flooding.earlier this week, a massive landslide of mine waste from an open pit coal mine had blocked a river near the central bosnia town of kakanj, creating the lake.the lake overflowed saturday morning following heavy rain overnight, forcing the closure of a busy highway connecting the capital of sarajevo with the central town of zenica. the town of kakanj is 50 kilometers (31 miles) north of sarajevo.fahrudin solak, a civil protection official, said emergency crews have redirected drivers to alternative roads and were struggling to defuse the lake's flooding threat by channeling its water into drainage ducts.authorities






in ky. coal country, a potential embrace of nuclear power


frankfort, ky. (ap) — donald trump promised to bring back coal jobs, but even the country’s third-largest coal producer appears to be hedging its bets on a comeback. kentucky is on the cusp of doing what was once unthinkable: opening the door to nuclear power.the republican-controlled state legislature is close to lifting its decades-long moratorium on nuclear energy in a state that has been culturally and economically dominated by coal. politicians from both parties have promised for years to revive the struggling coal industry, with trump famously billing himself as “the last shot for miners.” but as the coal industry continues its slide, even republican lawmakers are acknowledging a need for alternatives.“there are other factors other than the administration in the white house that cont






in ky. coal country, a potential embrace of nuclear power


frankfort, ky. — donald trump promised to bring back coal jobs, but even the country's third-largest coal producer appears to be hedging its bets on a comeback. kentucky is on the cusp of doing what was once unthinkable: opening the door to nuclear power.the republican-controlled state legislature is close to lifting its decades-long moratorium on nuclear energy in a state that has been culturally and economically dominated by coal. politicians from both parties have promised for years to revive the struggling coal industry, with trump famously billing himself as "the last shot for miners." but as the coal industry continues its slide, even republican lawmakers are acknowledging a need for alternatives."there are other factors other than the administration in the white house that controls






in ky. coal country, a potential embrace of nuclear power


frankfort, ky. — donald trump promised to bring back coal jobs, but even the country's third-largest coal producer appears to be hedging its bets on a comeback. kentucky is on the cusp of doing what was once unthinkable: opening the door to nuclear power.the republican-controlled state legislature is close to lifting its decades-long moratorium on nuclear energy in a state that has been culturally and economically dominated by coal. politicians from both parties have promised for years to revive the struggling coal industry, with trump famously billing himself as "the last shot for miners." but as the coal industry continues its slide, even republican lawmakers are acknowledging a need for alternatives."there are other factors other than the administration in the white house that controls






a look at how trump’s moves on coal will affect the industry


billings, mont. (ap) — president donald trump’s move to roll back obama-era regulations aimed at curbing climate change comes as the coal industry is reeling from bankruptcies, pollution restrictions and growing competition from natural gas, wind and solar.the white house said the order, to be signed tuesday, will trigger a review of the clean power plan, which seeks to reduce power plant emissions, and will rescind a moratorium on the sale of coal mining leases on federal lands.here’s a look about how the moves will affect the coal industry:an industry in declinemost read stories3-course dinners for $32 starting april 2.trump’s move to support coal mining is unlikely to turn around the industry immediately.experts say coal’s biggest problem isn’t a shortage of the fuel to dig or even clim






a look at how trump's climate moves affect the coal industry


cheyenne, wyo. — president donald trump says withdrawing from a global climate change agreement will boost the u.s. economy, but existing market forces have had far more of an effect on the fossil fuel industries than climate regulations.for at least three years now, the coal industry has been reeling from growing competition from natural gas, wind and solar power. environmental regulations enacted under president barack obama haven't helped any but they've played a much smaller role.most of those regulations haven't even taken effect.in march, trump ordered a review of the clean power plan, which seeks to reduce emissions from coal power plants, and the lifting of a moratorium on the sale of coal mining leases on federal lands.so far, those moves have spurred a couple of relatively minor






how will trump’s moves on coal affect the industry? – the denver post


by matthew brown and mead gruver, the associated pressbillings, mont. — president donald trump’s move to roll back obama-era regulations aimed at curbing climate change comes as the coal industry is reeling from bankruptcies, pollution restrictions and growing competition from natural gas, wind and solar.the white house said the order, to be signed tuesday, will trigger a review of the clean power plan, which seeks to reduce power plant emissions, and will rescind a moratorium on the sale of coal mining leases on federal lands.here’s a look about how the moves will affect the coal industry:an industry in declinetrump’s move to support coal mining is unlikely to turn around the industry immediately.experts say coal’s biggest problem isn’t a shortage of the fuel to dig or even climate change






a look at how trump’s climate moves affect the coal industry – the denver post


cheyenne, wyo. — president donald trump says withdrawing from a global climate change agreement will boost the u.s. economy, but existing market forces have had far more of an effect on the fossil fuel industries than climate regulations.for at least three years now, the coal industry has been reeling from growing competition from natural gas, wind and solar power. environmental regulations enacted under president barack obama haven’t helped any but they’ve played a much smaller role.most of those regulations haven’t even taken effect.in march, trump ordered a review of the clean power plan, which seeks to reduce emissions from coal power plants, and the lifting of a moratorium on the sale of coal mining leases on federal lands.so far, those moves have spurred a couple of relatively minor






john oliver digs deep on trump's promises to coal miners


on sunday's "last week tonight," john oliver dug deep on president trump's favorite industry, coal mining. the comedian scrutinized the president's repeated promises to bring back high-paying coal jobs to depressed areas like west virginia and kentucky. setting aside the "fact that [coal] is environmentally catastrophic," oliver argued that trump is less concerned with helping coal miners than in bolstering the coal industry -- two groups whose interests do not always align. with assistance from a giant talking squirrel, naturally, he focused on "the divide that can exist between a coal company’s interests and those of its workers." oliver conceded that while coal jobs declined under president obama, it was merely the continuation of a decades-long decline caused by a number of factors, in






meaning of ‘clean coal’ mentioned by trump unclear


president donald trump invoked “clean coal” at tuesday night’s rally in phoenix, repeating a phrase that’s used often by coal industry supporters to put a positive spin on the heavily polluting fuel — but one that remains ambiguous in its definition.the republican president took credit for the opening of a coal mine in pennsylvania, saying, “we’ve ended the war on beautiful, clean coal, and it’s just been announced that a second, brand-new coal mine, where they’re going to take out clean coal — meaning, they’re taking out coal, they’re going to clean it — is opening in the state of pennsylvania, the second one.”the most literal use of “clean coal” refers to coal that’s washed as it leaves the mine to remove impurities such as dirt and rocks, a standard industry procedure. clean coal also i






lake created by landslide floods in bosnia, closes highway


sarajevo, bosnia-herzegovina — flooding from a new lake created by a landslide in central bosnia has shut down one of the country's main highways.earlier this week, a major landslide from huge piles of mine waste from an open pit coal mine had blocked a river near the central town of kakanj, creating the lake.the lake then overflowed saturday morning following heavy rain overnight. that forced the closure of a busy highway connecting the bosnian capital of sarajevo with the central town of zenica.fahrudin solak, a civil protection official, said emergency crews have redirected drivers to alternative roads and were struggling to defuse the lake's flooding threat by channeling water into drainage ducts.on friday, authorities evacuated more than 150 people from two villages in the direct path






coal company sues hbo's john oliver for defamation


new york — coal company murray energy is suing hbo and its sunday-night host, john oliver, for what it says was a "false and malicious broadcast" last sunday evening.oliver's "last week tonight" coal segment criticized the trump administration's effort to revive the industry, saying coal jobs have dropped for decades and other energy alternatives are driving the industry's decline.he ribbed murray energy's ceo robert murray, who blames regulatory efforts by the obama administration for damaging the coal industry.the ohio company sued the comedian wednesday afternoon in circuit court in west virginia. it's seeking financial damages and a court order barring rebroadcasts of the segment's "defamatory statements."an hbo spokesman says the show didn't violate murray energy's rights or those of






does future match donald trump's optimism?


somerset county, pa. – like many people here who have eked out a living underground, edward popernack, 84, is used to seeing outsiders paint the coal industry in sharp contrasts: past or future. liberal or conservative. clean or dirty.popernack, who started working in his father’s coal mine when he was 13 years old, knows firsthand the value – and the hardships – of the job. coal mining ruined his lungs and almost took the life of his son, who was trapped underground for days in an accident. but it also has sustained his family and community.the towns scattered through the coal-rich appalachian mountains of southern pennsylvania were pleased to hear their names on president donald trump’s lips last week as he announced the united states’ withdrawal from the paris climate agreement. trump h






north dakota coal industry is alive and well


underwood, n.d. – the chimneys of coal creek station, north dakota’s largest power plant, tower 60 stories over the prairie. nearby, an excavator that looks like a giant crane looms over a big coal mine.the mine feeds the plant owned by maple grove-based great river energy, which churns out electricity for hundreds of thousands of minnesotans. four other coal mines dot the north dakota countryside, mostly supplying neighboring power plants.this “mine-to-mouth” model produces some of the cheapest power in the country and has enabled coal to remain an economic anchor in north dakota, even as the industry crumbles in other parts of the united states.mines have actually been hiring in north dakota in recent years, a sharp contrast to other coal regions. utilities have been investing significan






russia, bosnia sign deal settling soviet-era debt


sarajevo, bosnia-herzegovina — bosnia and russia have signed an agreement to settle moscow's $125 million soviet-era debt to the balkan country.bosnia's finance ministry said the deal signed tuesday in moscow will make bosnia the only ex-yugoslav republic to collect the debt in cash.the full amount is expected to be transferred by the end of may, but the timing depends on how speedily the bosnian parliament ratifies the deal.in 2003, russia took over the responsibility for the soviet union's debt to the former yugoslavia estimated at $1.3 billion. the debt arose mainly from business deals under which communist yugoslavia provided the soviet union with consumer goods.moscow has cleared the portions of debt claimed by other yugoslav successor states, repaying them in goods and services.






new coal mine touted by trump opens in pennsylvania


friedens, pa. — president donald trump hailed the opening thursday of a new coal mine as proof deregulation is helping bring jobs to the industry, even though plans for the mine's opening were made well before trump's election.corsa coal corp. will supply coal used in making steel and is expected to generate up to 100 fulltime jobs. the company said it decided in august to open the acosta mine 60 miles south of pittsburgh after a steel industry boom drove up prices for metallurgical coal.under a tent perched hundreds of feet above a freshly dug coal pit, about 200 miners, business leaders, and politicians celebrated amid the surge of enthusiasm for the industry. mining headgear lay atop red, white, and blue table cloths labeled "make coal great again."democratic gov. tom wolf said the mine






trump’s attack on environmental laws won’t save coal miners’ jobs


i pity the poor coal miners who allowed themselves to be used as props by donald trump. on tuesday, a group of them stood with the president as he signed his executive order gutting obama-era climate change regulations. after signing the document with his flamboyant flourish, trump turned to them and said, “you know what this is? you know what this says? you’re going back to work.”well, maybe not.trump has repeatedly promised to bring jobs back to coal country, blaming federal regulations for the industry’s decades-long decline. that promise is akin to a politician 100 years ago pledging to restore the economic fortunes of blacksmiths and buggy whip makers. that politician would have been a fool or a liar. trump may be both.coal is as dirty as coal mining is dangerous. there are compelling






free berkeley screening of documentary on coal and mining communities – the merc


berkeley — an advocacy group that seeks to derail plans to transport coal to oakland on trains for shipment overseas will host a free screening of  “from the ashes” on june 22.the national geographic documentary looks at communities across the country that wrestle with the legacy of the coal industry as they contemplate their future under the trump administration, according to the event sponsor, no coal in oakland.“from appalachia to the west’s powder river basin, the film goes beyond the rhetoric of the ‘war on coal’ to present compelling and often heartbreaking stories about what’s at stake for our economy, health, and climate,” an event note reads. ‘from the ashes’ invites audiences to learn more about an industry on the edge and what it means for their lives.”after the screening, the s






colorado coal saved from costly power plan


many americans have already forgotten about the clean power plan, the obama administration’s signature effort to reduce carbon emissions from the nation’s power plants. but the nation’s coal communities have not forgotten. they’ve lived with this regulation as an ever-present threat even after its implementation was stayed by a federal court.colorado’s coal communities saw the power plan for exactly what it was: a thinly-veiled assault on their livelihood — and one that would would cripple an already reeling industry while providing little environmental benefit.fortunately, the trump administration has done just what it promised. by executive order, president donald trump has axed the power plan along with another vestige of the obama administration’s anti-coal policy, the moratorium on al






in appalachia, some hope for a future without coal |


appalachia was once a booming region, with coal mining as the mainstay of its economy.but after the 1990s, coal production dipped to its lowest levels in this part of the united states as alternative sources of energy such as fracking were found.the area, once given the epithet of "coal country", has seen an increasing decline in economic activities over the past several decades.homes lie abandoned by people who have fled the region in search of a better livelihood.appalachia has one of the highest poverty rates in the us, and the death rate is higher than the birth rate.although the decline of coal in appalachia has had a severe impact on communities here, some believe the region can transition and thrive without the coal industry.aj+ travelled to appalachia to find people who are trying






new coal mine touted by trump — yet planned before election — opens in pennsylva


friedens, pa. — president donald trump hailed the opening thursday of a new coal mine as proof deregulation is helping bring jobs to the industry, even though plans for the mine’s opening were made well before trump’s election.corsa coal corp. will supply coal used in making steel and is expected to generate up to 100 fulltime jobs. the company said it decided in august to open the acosta mine 60 miles south of pittsburgh after a steel industry boom drove up prices for metallurgical coal.under a tent perched hundreds of feet above a freshly dug coal pit, about 200 miners, business leaders, and politicians celebrated amid the surge of enthusiasm for the industry. mining headgear lay atop red, white, and blue table cloths labeled “make coal great again.”democratic gov. tom wolf said the mine






in appalachia, some hope for a future without coal |


appalachia was once a booming region, with coal mining as the mainstay of its economy.but after the 1990s, coal production dipped to its lowest levels in this part of the united states as alternative sources of energy such as fracking were found.the area, once given the epithet of "coal country", has seen an increasing decline in economic activities over the past several decades.homes lie abandoned by people who have fled the region in search of a better livelihood.appalachia has one of the highest poverty rates in the us, and the death rate is higher than the birth rate.although the decline of coal in appalachia has had a severe impact on communities here, some believe the region can transition and thrive without the coal industry.aj+ travelled to appalachia to find people who are trying






in appalachia, some hope for a future without coal |


appalachia was once a booming region, with coal mining as the mainstay of its economy.but after the 1990s, coal production dipped to its lowest levels in this part of the united states as alternative sources of energy such as fracking were found.the area, once given the epithet of "coal country", has seen an increasing decline in economic activities over the past several decades.homes lie abandoned by people who have fled the region in search of a better livelihood.appalachia has one of the highest poverty rates in the us, and the death rate is higher than the birth rate.although the decline of coal in appalachia has had a severe impact on communities here, some believe the region can transition and thrive without the coal industry.al jazeera travelled to appalachia to find people who are






coal execs' pay rises and rises, while miners' wages stagnate / boing boing


the coal ceos who are leading their companies to bankruptcy are pocketing multimillion-dollar bonuses, with average coal exec wages rising five times as fast as wages for miners since 2004: execs take home an average of $200k (up 60%!) while tractor/truck drivers average $43,770 (up 15%, a real-terms pay-cut) and mining construction workers average $31,470 (up 11%, another real-terms cut). pay for chief executives in the coal industry also grew much faster, on average, than that of their counterparts across the wider economy, while the average pay for coal industry construction workers failed to keep up with similar jobs in other fields. the data excludes bonuses, share options and other perks, which often inflate executive compensation — and the pay gap — many times more. mr. kellow’s sto






china merging state-owned energy giants


beijing (ap) — china’s government says it will merge two of its biggest coal and power companies amid a campaign to make state industry that dominates the economy more efficient and profitable.the merger announced monday will bring together guodian group, a utility operator with interests in coal, with shenhua group, the world’s biggest coal producer.beijing is in the midst of a marathon campaign to make state companies that dominate industries including coal, power, steel and chemicals more efficient through mergers.the government also is trying to shrink a bloated chinese coal industry and shrink a supply glut that has depressed prices, but monday’s announcement gave no indication whether guodian and shenhua plan to reduce production.most read storiesunlimited digital access. $1 for 4 we






federal government stymies search for health answers in coal country


glen daniel, w.va. – chuck nelson spent his life in this corner of appalachia, working for years in the coal mines — a good job in the economically depressed area. but he says the industry that helped him earn a living cost him his health, and his wife's, too.the 61-year-old nelson blames his kidney and liver disease on the well water he drank for years, and his wife's more severe asthma on dust and particles from surface mines near their home.some of his neighbors agree — and say surface mining in the mountains has been a primary culprit for various health problems. some studies agreed with them but in the end were inconclusive. a new federal study was supposed to provide the most comprehensive review to date, but the trump administration — a coal industry advocate — suspended it three mo






in kentucky coal country, lawmakers open up to nuclear power


frankfort, ky. (ap) — lawmakers in coal-producing kentucky voted wednesday to lift a ban on building nuclear power plants in a move one detractor called a “kick in the teeth” to the slumping coal sector.the house passed the bill 65-28, sending it to gov. matt bevin. the republican governor has signaled he would not veto the measure if it reached his desk.for years, efforts to open the door to nuclear energy melted down in a state that has been culturally and economically dominated by coal. kentucky is the country’s third-largest coal producer, and politicians from both parties have promised to revive the struggling industry.but the measure is on the verge of becoming law in kentucky’s first legislative session in memory where republicans controlled the house, senate and governor’s office.m






can coal make a comeback under trump?


donald trump has signed an executive order which lifts climate change regulations. one of the president's campaign promises was to revive a declining coal industry.the bbc takes a look at energy trends both in the us and worldwide.






epa head tells coal miners 'regulatory assault is over'


sycamore, pa. — environmental protection agency administrator scott pruitt told dozens of pennsylvania coal miners thursday that the "regulatory assault" on their industry is over, and that the environment can be protected without hurting business."we're going to do it the american way, grow jobs and show the rest of the world how it's done," pruitt said before going on a mine tour about 50 miles south of pittsburgh."the regulatory assault is over," he said, referring to tightened environmental and other regulatory standards on coal and other energy industries under former president barack obama. "we're going to partner together with you."pruitt spoke for less than five minutes to about 100 workers at the harvey mine, one of three comprising the nation's largest underground coal mining com






why trump’s rollback of obama rules won’t do much for coal country


washington — president donald trump campaigned on putting coal miners back to work, and on tuesday, he gave the impression he was delivering. but he wasn’t. trump rolled back obama administration regulations considered detrimental to the industry. but the president’s actions will bring minimal benefit to the coal-producing regions that helped him win the white house,…






trump tweets about pennsylvania's new coal mine, first of 'trump era'


president trump hailed the opening of a new coal mine by sharing a report that called it the first of the "trump era," though plans for the mine's opening were made well before his election.corsa coal corp. will supply coal used in making steel and is expected to generate up to 100 full-time jobs. the company said it decided in august to open the acosta mine, 60 miles south of pittsburgh, after a steel industry boom drove up prices for metallurgical coal.trump has made reversing the decades-long decline in coal mining the central tenet of his environmental policy, blaming federal regulations aimed at curbing planet-warming carbon emissions for job losses in the industry.trump and environmental protection agency administrator scott pruitt have targeted laws that protected waterways from coa






israel's netanyahu vows new west bank settlement as outpost is dismantled


on urday evening, israel's prime minister tweeted his praise of president donald trump's decision to build a wall along the u.s. border with mexico."president trump is right," netanyahu wrote. "i built a wall along israel's southern border. it stopped all illegal immigration. great success.... (william booth)